Nuclear Reactions
Hans Bethe
William Fowler
Margaret & Geof Burbidge


Albert Einstein

Alexandr Friedmann
А.А. Фридман 1922-23 гг.

Erwin Schrödinger
Erwin Schrödinger 1939

Vesto Slipher
Edwin Hubble
Albert Einstein & Edwin Hubble

Bill Sumner 2007
Erwin Schrödinger 1939


Information about Photos

Bow Shock Near Young Star LL Ori
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST) looks at the Great Nebula in Orion. One such jewel is this bow shock around the very young star, LL Ori.

A String of 'Cosmic Pearls' Surrounds an Exploding Star
Two decades ago, astronomers spotted one of the brightest exploding stars in more than 400 years.

Sagittarius Star Cloud
Stars come in all different colors. The color of a star indicates its surface temperature, an important property used to assign each star a spectral type. Stars of this Sagittarius Cloud lie towards the center of our Galaxy - tantalizing cosmic jewels viewed through a rift in the dark, pervasive, interstellar dust. This famous stellar grouping houses some of the oldest stars known.

Hans Bethe
Emeritus Professor of Physics Hans A. Bethe in his Cornell office Dec. 19, 1996. On the blackboard is Bethe's "Carbon Cycle" equation for nuclear energy generation in stars.

William Fowler at Caltech in the mid 1950's.

Margaret and Geoffrey Burbidge in March 1956.

Kepler's Supernova Remnant SN 1604
The composite view of the supernova splits into its three components: blue-green for Chandra, yellow for Hubble, and red for Spitzer. Each observatory's full image is then shown for side-by-side comparison, beginning with Chandra, then Hubble, and finally Spitzer.

Supernova in IC 4182 photographed (a) September 10, 1937 and (b) November 24, 1938, about 400 days after maximum. From last page of B2FH

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Alexandr Friedmann

Alexandr Friedmann copied from Тропп, Э.А., Френкель, В.Я., и Чернин А. Д. 1988, Александр Александрович Фридман (Москва: Наука)

Erwin Schrödinger in 1933 (?)

Erwin Schrödinger at the beach of La Panne 1939

Vesto Slipher

Edwin Hubble at Mt. Wilson

Albert Einstein and Edwin Hubble in 1931 at the Mount Wilson Observatory 100" telescope, in the San Gabriel Mountains of southern California. It was here in the 1920's that Hubble studied the cosmic expansion of the universe.

Bill Sumner in the Изба next to the original "You Are Star Dust" poster holding the Nature article with the autographed version. Christmas Day, 2007.

A fit to the “gold” data of Riess et al. 2004 showing the acceleration of the contracting Universe. For details, see
Sumner, W.Q. 2005, On the variation of the fine-structure constant in Friedmann Universes

Erwin Schrödinger Hours of leisure in Gent 1939